Exports performed particularly well in 2010; gold alone brought in 1.4 billion US dollars, overtaking the tourism sector which contributed 1.3 billion US dollars. Also, in 2010 the industrial sector contributed significantly to foreign earnings for the first time, generating $900 million.
The agricultural sector — the mainstay of the country’s economy employing about 80% of the population — contributed 480 million US dollars. Transit goods earnings contributed 380 million USD. Tanzania’s 2010 GDP per capita reached 600 USD, doubling from 300 USD in 2006.
Tanzania’s main trading partners are the EU, China, India and neighboring Southern African Development Community (SADC) and East African Community (EAC) countries. Tanzania’s exports to the U.S. are
Basic economic statistics (2009/2010 figures):
(Source: Bank of Tanzania (BOT) and National Bureau of Statistics (NBS))
Tanzania experienced a steady rise of foreign direct investment over the last decade, although investment decreased in 2009 as a result of the global financial crisis. In 2009, the value of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) was USD 650 million compared to USD 744 million in 2008 (the highest figure recorded in Tanzania in the past eight years). In the last decade the total FDI stock in Tanzania exceeded USD 6 billion, making the country a leading FDI destination in the East Africa region. Tanzania’s strategic location makes it a natural East African hub for investors seeking to exploit not only resources but also a growing market of 527 million consumers in East and Southern Africa.
Best prospect sectors include:
In addition, U.S. consumer goods and franchise concepts are increasingly attractive to the Tanzanian market. With an estimated population of 40.7 million, about 20% urban, Tanzania offers a sizeable market in urban areas, despite low per capita income.
Tanzania embarked on a liberalization program in the early nineties. Major privatization success stories included Tanzania Breweries Limited (TBL), Tanzania Cigarette Company (TCC), Tanga Cement Limited (SIMBA), Tanzania Tea Packers Limited (TATEPA) and Swissport Tanzania Limited (formerly known as the Dar es Salaam Airport Handling Company-DAHACO), all of which feature foreign investment and are listed on the Dar es Salaam Stock Exchange (DSE). Public enterprises for which privatization efforts were unsuccessful include the Tanzania Electric Supply Company (TANESCO), Tanzania Telecommunications Company Limited (TTCL), Air Tanzania Corporation Limited (ATCL), Tanzanian Railways Limited (TRL), the Tanzania Zambia Railway Authority (TAZARA), and business units under the Tanzania Port Authority (TPA).
Tanzania has abundant natural resources, particularly for agriculture, mining, energy and tourism. The country has 44 million hectares of arable land, with only about 5% currently under cultivation. Resources include diamonds, gemstones, gold, coal, iron, nickel, forest products, domesticated livestock, wildlife, fisheries and marine products, natural gas and possibly oil. Primary exports in terms of value include tobacco and gold, while key imports are capital and consumer goods.
Article via: AfriBiz.info